Lesson 32: Eating Out
Words to learn:
Study the following definitions and examples.
1. basic adj., serving as a starting point or basis; simple
a. The new restaurant offers a very basic menu.
b. The restaurant manager ordered enough basic supplies to get through the first month.
2. complete v., to finish or make whole
a. We ordered some dessert to complete our meal.
b. Some restaurants want to hear their customers’ opinions and ask them to complete a short evaluation form.
3. excite v., to arouse an emotion
a. Exotic flavors always excite me.
b. The new Asian restaurant has excited the interest of many people.
4. flavor n., a distinctive taste
a. Fusion cooking is distinguished by an interesting mix of flavors,
b. The cook changed the flavor of the soup with a unique blend of herbs.
5. forget v., to be unable to remember
a. The waiter forgot to bring the rolls, annoying the customer.
b. Don’t forget to tell your friends what a great meal you had tonight.
6. ingredient n., an element in a mixture
a. The chef went to the farmer’s market to select the freshest ingredients for tonight’s menu.
b. I was unfamiliar with some of the ingredients in the dish.
7. judge v., to form an opinion
a. Hector was not familiar with Asian cooking, so he was unable to judge if the noodles were cooked correctly.
b. The restaurant review harshly judged the quality of the Service.
8. mix-up n., a contusion
a. There was a mix-up in the kitchen so your order will be delayed.
b. There was a mix-up about the ingredients and the dish was ruined.
9. patron n., a customer, especially a regular customer
a. Once the word was out about the new chef, patrons lined up to get into the restaurant.
b. This restaurant has many loyal patrons.
10. predict v., to State, tell about, or make known in advance
a. I predicted this restaurant would become popular and I was right.
b. Kona was unable to predict what time Andy, who is always late, would show up at the restaurant.
11. randomly adv., without any specific pattern
a. We randomly made our selections from the menu.
b. That chef chooses his spices randomly, but his dishes always taste great.
12. remind v., to cause to remember
a. Ms. Smith was annoyed at having to remind the waitress to bring the check.
b. I reminded the Client that we are meeting for dinner tomorrow.
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
The key to a happy meal is that everyone should enjoy eating what they ordered. Before the waiter takes your order, you can ask him for a recommendation or you can select (1) ___________from the menu.
Good Service is part of the overall enjoyment of the meal. The waiter should make the (2) ___________feel welcome and comfortable. Good waiters can (3) ___________what you need, like more water, without having to be asked for it. It’s easy for a waiter to (4) ___________something, but you should not have to (5) ___________a waiter more than once to bring you some-thing. Nor do you want the waiter to (6) ___________the food orders. You should get what you ordered, and your order should be (7) ___________.
The quality of the food is the primary way restaurants are (8) ___________. The food should taste and look wonderful. Your plate of food should (9) ___________all your senses and be fragrant and colorful. Even the most (10) ___________or familiar dishes can taste different from restaurant to restaurant. A chef can bring out a distinct (11) ___________in a dish, depending on the (12) ___________he or she uses.
|verb||complete||The meal could not be completed without dessert.|
|noun||completion||The coffee was the last item ordered and brought the meal to completion.|
|adverb||completely||The chef forgot that the dessert was in the oven and completely ruined it.|
|verb||excite||The chef knows how to excite his patrons.|
|noun||excitement||You can feel the excitement in the air.|
|adjective||excited||I am really excited about trying out this new restaurant.|
|verb||flavor||I like a chef who uses exotic spices to flavor the food.|
|noun||flavor||Some people don’t like Mexican food because the flavors are too spicy.|
|adjective||flavorful||The special ingredients made the dish very flavorful.|
|verb||forget||Don’t forget to bring us the check.|
|adjective||forgetful||The forgetful waitress put a burden on the rest of the staff.|
|adjective||forgettable||The meal was bland and forgettable.|
|verb||mix up||An inexperienced waiter can easily mix up orders.|
|noun||mix up||We had a big mix-up in our plans and 1 ended up waiting for my friends at the wrong restaurant.|
|adjective||mixed up||Bob always gets mixed up when he tries to order food at a foreign restaurant.|
|verb||predict||I predict that this restaurant will be a success.|
|noun||prediction||The manager’s prediction came true, and the chef was named to the ‘Top 100″ list.|
|adverb||predictably||Predictably, because the waiter neglected to write down the order, he forgot some necessary items.|
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. Would you like to _______ your meal with an after-dinner drink?
11. I’ve had enough _________ for the day
12. I can’t figure out which ingredients the chef used to _______ this dish.
13. I’ve already _________ what the last table of guest ordered
14. Unfortunately, on the day the restaurant opened there was a huge ______ in the kitchen.
(B) mixed up
(C) mix up
(D) mixing up
15. No one could have _________ how successful the restaurant would become.
Part 6 Text Completion
One of the joys of traveling abroad is taking the opportunity to try out different kinds of food. Travelers should always make a point of eating the local dishes. It is exciting to try out dishes made with unfamiliar ingredients and unusual (16. ________). Daring travelers can order (17. ________) from the menu. Or, they can look at the dishes that other patrons are eating and order one that looks appealing. A traveler who doesn’t speak the local language well can order by pointing to the dishes he wishes to order. That is the easiest way to avoid a mix (18. ________). Finally, dessert should not be forgotten. A sweet treat at the end of the meal will complete the experience of enjoying foreign cooking.
Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following advertisement.
|Don’t miss the Yorktown Festival of Food. This exciting annual event will take place May 10-16 at the Yorktown Fairgrounds. * Over 100 local restaurants will participate. which are the best restaurants in town? You be the judge! The price of admission includes:
– Samples of food from all participating restaurants
– Cooking demonstrations by local chefs
– Copies of recipes of some of Yorktown’s favorite dishes, including ingredients lists and preparation instructions
– A free Festival of Food chef’s hat and apron
Fifty festival ticket holders will be randomly selected to enjoy a meal especially prepared for the festival by world-renowned chef Jean Pierre de la Farge, director of the Paris School of Cuisine. You could be one of them! Get your tickets today. An unforgettable experience is guaranteed.
Tickets are available at all participating restaurants and at the Yorktown Office of Tourism. Ticket prices are $15/day or $50 for the entire week.
* If rain is predicted, the event will take place in the Yorktown Sports Arena.
19. How often does the festival take place?
(A) Once a day
(B) Once a week
(C) Once a month
(D) Once a year
20. What can people do at the festival?
(A) Try different kinds of food.
(B) Cook a meal
(C) Judge a contest
(D) Buy hats and aprons
21. What will 50 people win?
(A) A ticket
(B) A cooking lesson
(C) A free meal
(D) A trip to Paris.
22. The word randomly in line 11 is closest in meaning to
(B) by chance
(D) with determination
23. The word predicted in line 19 is closest in meaning to