Lesson 33: Ordering Lunch
Words to learn:
Study the following definitions and examples.
1. burden n., a responsibility; something that is carried
a. The secretary usually takes on the burden of ordering lunch for business meetings.
b. The deliveryman’s back ached from the heavy burden he carried.
2. commonly adv., usually, habitually
a. The people who work in this building commonly order their lunch from the sandwich shop on the first floor.
b. The restaurants in this area commonly serve office workers and are only open during the week.
3. delivery n., the act of conveying or delivering
a. The caterer hired a courier to make the delivery.
b. The restaurant is reluctant to make deliveries, but makes an exception for our office.
4. elegance n., refinement, beauty, grace
a. The elegance of the restaurant made it a pleasant place to eat.
b. A sandwich may lack elegance, but it makes a convenient and inexpensive lunch.
5. fall to v., to become one’s responsibility
a. The task of preparing the meal fell to the assistant chef when the chief chef was ill.
b. The menu was in French, so ordering for us fell to Monique, who spoke French.
6. impress v., to affect strongly, often favorably
a. I was impressed with how quickly they delivered our lunch.
b. If you want to impress the new staff member, order her a nice lunch.
7. individual adj., by or for one person; special; particular
a. We had the delivery man mark the contents of each individual order.
b. The jaunty whistle of the delivery woman marked her individual style.
8. list n., a series of names, words, or other items
a. The office manager compiled a list of everyone’s order.
b. We keep a list of all the restaurants in this area that deliver.
9. multiple adj., having, relating to, or consisting of more than One part
a. The delivery person was not able to keep track of the multiple order, causing a food mix-up.
b. It takes multiple steps to get into this building, which frustrates all our employees.
10. narrow v., to limit or restrict
a. Etseko narrowed the restaurant possibilities down to three.
b. This restaurant delivers only pizza and sandwiches, so that certainly narrows down the choices.
11. pick up v., to take on passengers or freight
a. The delivery man picks up lunch orders on his motor scooter.
b. If you ask me nicely, I will pick up the order on my way home.
12. settle v., to make compensation for, to pay; to choose
a. We settled the bill with the cashier.
b. After much debate, we finally settled on the bistro on the corner.
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
|common||fails to||list||pick up|
As the office manager, it usually (1) __________Lucia to order the food for a working lunch or an office party. Lucia finds order-ing food for a working lunch to be especially (2) __________. First, in order to avoid placing (3) __________ small orders from different food establishments, she must (4) __________ down the choice to one kind of food. The most (5) __________ choices are sandwiches and (6) __________ pizzas.
Once she has (7) __________ on a good choice, she calls a restaurant or other food Service on her approved (8) __________. Usually she needs the food (9) __________so she does not have to leave the office and (10) __________ the order herself.
In case of a more formal lunch, where her boss is trying to (11) __________ new clients, for example, Lucia will call a catering Service that can provide a more (12) __________ meal.
|verb||burden||The frequently complicated lunch orders unfairly burdened Jacques.|
|noun||burden||In addition to all her other responsibilities, Marie had the burden of picking up the daily lunch order.|
|adjective||burdensome||Keeping track of everybody’s lunch orders can be a burdensome task.|
|noun||in common||The two secretaries keep a file of restaurant menus in common to facilitate placing an order.|
|adjective||common||It is a common practice for restaurants to deliver.|
|adverb||commonly||It was commonly known that the sandwich shop had slow deliverymen.|
|verb||deliver||That restaurant delivers food at no extra charge.|
|noun||delivery||We all got very hungry waiting for the delivery to arrive.|
|noun||elegance||The elegance of the surroundings was accentuated by the wonderful meal the caterers delivered.|
|adjective||elegant||Delores set an elegant table that was sure to impress.|
|adverb||elegantly||The tasty appetizers were elegantly served from silver platters.|
|verb||impress||I am favorably impressed by how quickly the pizza was delivered.|
|noun||impression||She gave the impression that the food would be delivered within the hour.|
|adjective||impressionable||I have an impressionable child, so 1 don’t like him to see deliverymen running red traffic lights.|
|verb||individualize||The take-out shop does not allow you to individualize your order by asking for substitutions.|
|noun||individual||The portions are large enough to feed two individuals.|
|adverb||individually||The individually marked boxes made it easy for us to claim our orders.|
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. George no longer wants to be in charge of lunch orders because he finds that job too ___________.
11. We __________ meet the delivery person in the lobby to pick up our orders.
(B) in common
12. The _____ from that restaurant always arrive late.
13. Despite being served in disposable containers, the meal had an ________touch.
14. Our office manager was so _________by the speed of the delivery, she decided to order from them again.
15. Let’s order _________so we can all get what we want for lunch.
Part 6 Text Completion
To; All department staff
From; J. Holtzman, Manager
Re: Ordering Lunch
It has long been the practice in this department to order lunch to be served during department meetings. While this is a custom we all enjoy, it has become a (16. _____) on our budget. Therefore, I have developed the following guidelines for ordering meeting lunches.
– We cannot afford to constantly order elegant lunches. Please limit your orders to common, everyday lunch choices such as sandwiches and salads.
– There are many restaurants in the area that offer take-out lunches. I will (17. _____) the choices down to three or four places that have reasonable prices, then let you know which they are. Please order only from the restaurants on the approved list.
– We will no longer pay for delivery. All lunch orders must be 18 up in person.
Thank you in advance for your cooperation.
Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following advertisement and e-mail message.
The Broad Street Eatery
1001 Broad Street
Serving breakfast and lunch
Monday-Saturday 6:30 A.M. – 2:30 P.M.
Don’t settle for the common lunch
choices you can find anywhere.
At the Broad Street Eatery, we offer a tempting range of soups, sandwiches, and salads for the discerning eater.
We specialize in take-out orders. Call ahead for pick up.
We also offer free delivery on all orders over $30.
(There is a 10 percent delivery charge on smaller orders).
|To: Molly Anderson
From: Jerry Pinsky
Subject: New restaurant
Have you heard about the Broad Street Eatery? It’s that new place that opened up last month just around the corner. I think we should order the lunch for this Friday’s meeting from there. Some of the menu choices look quite elegant and I’m sure will impress our clients. Best of all, the prices are quite reasonable. I’ll send you a list later of what I want you to order. Since the order will be large. I’m sure we’ll qualify for the free delivery, so you won’t have to worry about picking it up. That will lighten your burden a bit. Thanks for your help with this.
19. When should Molly place the lunch order?
20. If the order costs $45, how much will the delivery charge be?
21. What is Jerry’s opinion of the restaurant?
(A) It’s too far away.
(B) The prices are very high.
(C) It should be open later.
(D) The food looks good.
22. The word common in line 7 of the advertisement is closest in meaning to
23. The word elegant in line 5 of the e-mail is closest in meaning to