Lesson 46: Doctor’s Office
Words to learn:
Study the following definitions and examples.
1. annually adv., once a year
a. Everyone should get a physical exam annually.
b. A number of tests are provided annually by my insurance plan.
2. appointment n., arrangements for a meeting; a position in a profession
a. To get the most out of your appointment, keep a log of your symptoms and concerns.
b. The psychiatrist holds an academic appointment at the university hospital as well as having a private practice.
3. assess v., to determine the value or rate of something
a. The physical therapist assessed the amount of mobility Ms. Crowl had lost after her stroke.
b. The insurance rate Mr. Victor was assessed went up this year after he admitted that he had started smoking again.
4. diagnose v., to recognize a disease; to analyze the nature of something
a. After considering the patient’s symptoms and looking at his test results, the doctor diagnosed the lump as benign.
b. She diagnosed the problem as a failure to follow the directions for taking the medication.
5. effective adj., producing the desired effect; being in effect
a. Howard was pleased to find that the diet recommended by his doctor was quite effective.
b. The new policies, effective the beginning of the fiscal year, change the amount charged to see the physician.
6. instrument n., a tool for precise work; the means whereby something is achieved
a. The pediatrician tried not to frighten the children with her strange-looking instruments.
b. The senior physician carried his instruments in a black leather bag.
7. manage v., to handle; to deal with; to guide
a. The head nurse’s ability to manage her staff through a difficult time caught the hospital administrator’s attention.
b. By carefully managing their limited resources, the couple found the money for the elective surgery.
8. prevent v., to keep from happening; to hinder
a. By encouraging teenagers not to smoke, doctors are hoping to prevent many cases of cancer.
b. His full caseload prevented the doctor from taking on new patients.
9. recommendation n„ advice; endorsement
a. It is important to follow the doctor’s recommendations if you want to improve your health.
b. The professor gave her former student a recommendation when he applied for a job at the hospital.
10. record n., an official copy of documents
a. Ms. Han typed a written request for her medical records.
b. The official records kept in the city archives showed that an unusually high number of babies are born in the summer months.
11. refer v., to direct for treatment or information; to mention
a. I was referred to this specialist by the family practice nurse.
b. As soon as Agnes referred to the failed treatment, everyone’s mood soured.
12. serious adj., weighty
a. The impact of the serious news could be read on everyone’s face.
b. For her dissertation, she made a serious study of women’s health care needs in developing nations.
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
Sooner or later, everyone needs to go to the doctor’s office. In fact, it’s in your best interest to see your doctor at least (1) _________. The better he or she knows you and your health, the more (2) _________your doctor can be. Most people need help in (3) _________ routine medical problems they are experiencing, such as symptoms of colds and the flu, allergies, rashes, and ear-aches. Other times, people visit a doctor for help in (4) _________health problems from ever occurring, through lowering their risk of heart attack or stroke by dieting or exercising.
When you arrive for your (5) _________, the doctor’s office staff will have ready a (6) _________of all your visits, so that the doctor has a complete reference of your health. The visit will begin with an (7) _________of your general health and a discussion of any problems that concern you.
The doctors may use a variety of (8) _________to get a closer look at you. The doctor will (9) _________your problem and (10) _________a treatment plan. The doctor may prescribe medication, (11) _________you to a specialist more experienced in treating your condition, or order tests to gain more information. In (12) _________cases, he or she may send you to the hospital for care.
|verb||assess||He was able to assess her health problems with the help of her detailed medical history.|
|noun||assessment||The specialist’s assessment of the patient’s condition was consistent with the general practitioner’s.|
|adjective||assessable||That medical condition is not assessable by this laboratory test.|
|verb||diagnose||Her symptoms are overlapping, making it difficult to diagnose the exact cause of her chest pain.|
|noun||diagnosis||Phil did a much better job of taking care of himself once his father had a diagnosis of lung cancer.|
|adjective||diagnostic||The new X-ray suite has all the latest diagnostic equipment.|
|verb||prevent||By stopping smoking now, you may be able to prevent lung cancer.|
|noun||prevention||He made a career of disease prevention through mass vaccinations.|
|adjective||preventive||Eloise took preventive steps against gum disease by more thorough toothbrushing.|
|verb||recommend||I recommend that you have this test annually starting at age 40.|
|noun||recommendation||Against my doctor’s recommendation, I decided to purchase the generic brand of medication.|
|adjective||recommendable||There is nothing particularly recommendable about this therapy over the other therapy I mentioned.|
|verb||record||The doctor records the patient’s description of her symptoms in the patient’s medical chart.|
|noun||record||When you apply for health Insurance, the Insurance company will probably want to look at your medical records.|
|adjective||recorded||After office hours there is a recorded message on the doctor’s answering machine that gives an emergency telephone number.|
|noun||seriousness||Martha’s doctor tried to make her understand the seriousness of her condition.|
|adjective||adjective||Mr. Kim was relieved to find out that his disease was not serious.|
|adverb||seriously||The doctor spoke seriously with Arthur about the need to lose weight.|
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. Luckily, the test results show no ________damage from the accident.
11. This is not an easy _________ to make without the benefit of numerous test results.
12. The most effective way to treat illness is to ________ it from ever occurring.
13. Gabriela did not consistently follow her doctor’s ______and her condition did not improve.
14. Jane’s doctor asked her to _______everything she ate for a week.
15. Public health officials are just now realizing the _____of this disease.
Part 6 Text Completion
Welcome to the office of Dr. Shaw. The following office policies are in effect.
– Please check in with the receptionist when you arrive. If you were given a referral, please tell the receptionist the name of the doctor who (16. ______) you.
– We recognize that sometimes you must cancel your appointment. Cancellations must be made 24 hours ahead of time or you will (17. ______) a missed appointment fee.
– Please don’t call us to find out the results of (18. ______) tests. We will call you when the results are ready.
– Effective January 1, all bills must be paid in full at the time of your visit. We accept all major credit cards.
(A) will refer
(B) did refer
(C) be assessed
(D) be assessing
Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following article.
Caring for Your Health
Your health is one of your most valuable assets, so caring for it properly is very important. Regular visits to the doctor can help prevent any health problems from becoming serious. You should visit your doctor annually if you are in good health. If you have certain health conditions or if your doctor recommends it, you may need more frequent appointments.
It is important to have a doctor you can trust. The best way to find one is to get a recommendation from a trust- worthy person such as a friend or relative. Call to make an appointment several weeks or even a month ahead of time. When you call, you can also ask a few questions about the doctor’s background, such as which university he got his degree from and how long he has been practicing in the area. You will also want to and out which hospital the doctor is affiliated with. When you arrive for your appointment, make sure you bring a copy of your medical records with you.
When you meet with the doctor, you will want to ask him what his approach to treatment is and what diagnostic tools he uses. This way you can find out something about his skills, as well as whether or not he is a person you can talk to and feel comfortable with. Also, take a look around the office. Is it comfortable and organized? Do the instruments look clean and well-maintained?
If your appointment goes well and you feel comfortable with the doctor, then don’t forget to make an appointment for your next physical before you leave the office. If you have any doubts, look around for another doctor. Having a good doctor is an essential part of your health care plan.
19. Who is this article for?
(C) Hospital staff.
(D) Medical equipment salespeople.
20. How often should a healthy person visit the doctor?
(A) Once a month.
(B) Twice a month.
(C) Once a year.
(D) Twice a year.
21. What is the best way to find a good doctor?
(A) Look in the phone book.
(B) Call the hospital.
(C) Go to a university.
(D) Ask a friend.
22. The word records in the second paragraph, line 6 is closest in meaning to
23. The word instruments in the third paragraph, line 4 is closest in meaning to