Lesson 47: Dentist’s Office
Words to learn:
Study the following definitions and examples.
1. aware adj., having knowledge
a. I was not aware that flossing my teeth could prevent a buildup of plaque.
b. My dentist made me aware that I should have an appointment twice a year.
2. catch up v., to bring up to date
a. My dentist likes to take time to catch up before she starts the examination.
b. The dental assistant caught up on her paperwork in between patients.
3. distraction n., the act of being turned away from the focus
a. To provide a distraction from the noise, Luisa’s dentist offered her a pair of earphones.
b. My dentist is kind enough to provide distractions like television, which take my mind off the procedure.
4. encouragement n., inspiration or support
a. The perfect checkup was certainly encouragement to keep up my good dental hygiene.
b. Let me offer you some encouragement about your crooked teeth.
5. evident adj., easily seen or understood; obvious
a. The presence of a wisdom tooth was not evident until the dentist started to examine the patient.
b. Unfortunately, his poor dental hygiene is evident from a distance.
6. habit n., a customary manner or practice
a. The toddler’s father stressed the importance of toothbrushing in hopes of establishing a good habit.
b. The patient had a habit of grinding his teeth during his sleep.
7. illuminate v., to provide or brighten with light
a. The dark recesses of the mouth can only be seen clearly when illuminated with a lamp.
b. Let me tum on more lights to properly illuminate the back teeth.
8. irritate v., to chafe or inflame, to bother
a. The broken tooth rubbed against my tongue, irritating it.
b. Hannah’s gums are irritated by foods that are very cold or very hot.
9. overview n., a summary; a survey; a quick look
a. I did a quick overview of your teeth and they look in good shape.
b. An overview of your dental records shows a history of problems.
10. position n., the right or appropriate place
a. Let me tilt your head to a more comfortable position for you.
b. The position of the chair can be adjusted to a range of heights.
11. regularly adv., occurring at fixed intervals
a. She brushes regularly after every meal.
b. I have to remind my son regularly to brush his teeth.
12. restore v., to bring back to an original condition
a. The cleaning restored the whiteness of my teeth.
b. I will talk to my dentist about whether she knows any procedure to restore the parts of my teeth that I have ground away.
WORD IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
At least twice a year, Toshiro makes an appointment with his dentist. He’s (1) ________that taking good care of his teeth and seeing a dentist can help prevent the buildup of tartar and plaque that could cause serious problems later.
The dentist starts the appointment by looking over Toshiro’s chart, which details all the work that has been done on his teeth, as a way to (2) ________on Toshiro’s dental health. Toshiro brushes (3) ________, but is not so regular about daily flossing. His dentist is trying to (4) ________a better flossing (5) ________, by demonstrating some easy-to-use techniques.
When the dentist is ready to look into Toshiro’s mouth, she adjusts the height and (6) ________of the chair to make sure she can see all of Toshiro’s teeth. A bright light (7) ________Toshiro’s eyes, but (8) ________the dark places in the back of his mouth. The dentist does a quick (9) ________of Toshiro’s mouth, looking for any obvious problems, such as a cavity or a broken tooth. The dentist asks if Toshiro has been having any problems, like tooth pain, bleeding, or soreness.
Sometimes, problems in the mouth are quite (10) ________and can be seen by the dentist’s trained eye. But other times, the dentist will take X-rays to make certain there are no problems in areas she cannot see, such as under the gum line or inside a tooth.
The dentist then goes to work, repairing any damage, She then (11) ________the natural color to his teeth with a thorough cleaning. The noise of the drills and cleaners can upset some patients, so Toshiro’s dentist is kind enough to supply earphones to provide a (12) ________.
|verb||distract||The child is frightened by the instruments. Try to distract his attention while 1 get ready.|
|noun||distraction||The soothing background music was a pleasant distraction from the drilling sounds at the dentist’s office.|
|adjective||distracted||The distracted patient left the office without paying her bill.|
|verb||encourage||My dentist has been encouraging me to see a specialist about my gum problem.|
|noun||encouragement||Although the cleaning routine recommended by the dentist was tedious, with some encouragement, Richard was able to follow it regularly.|
|adjective||encouraging||It was encouraging to find out that I had no serious problems at my last dental checkup.|
|verb||evidence||The dentist found evidence of decay on my wisdom tooth.|
|adjective||evident||My lack of dental hygiene was evident without a checkup.|
|adverb||evidently||Proper flossing evidently worked, since my gums are now in good health.|
|noun||habit||I’m trying to start the habit of flossing at least once a day.|
|adjective||habitual||His habitual coffee drinking stained his teeth.|
|adverb||habitually||Jack is habitually late for his appointments, which forced the receptionist to scold him.|
|verb||irritate||My dentist was late for my appointment, which irritated me, especially since he did not apologize.|
|noun||irritation||I have an irritation on the inside of my mouth that won’t heal.|
|adjective||irritating||Matthew decided to visit the dentist because of an irritating gum problem.|
|verb||regulate||We cannot regulate the temperature in the waiting room today because the thermostat is broken.|
|adjective||regular||Many dental problems can be avoided by following a regular cleaning routine.|
|adverb||regularly||I haven’t been visiting the dentist regularly.|
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. I don’t want to _________ you, but there is a phone call waiting for you at the front desk.
11. My dentist always ________ me to floss more regularly.
12. It was ______ from the X-rays that I needed dental work.
13. Knowing his ______ tidiness, I’m not surprised to learn that David flosses three times a day.
14. An ________ at the gum line can be nothing serious or the symptom of a larger problem.
15. _____ visits to the dentist are necessary for maintaining good dental health.
Part 6 Text Completion
The State of dental health in our nation is a cause for concern according to Dr. James Hibbard, president of the National Society of Dentists. Dr. Hibbard expressed his concerns in an article appearing this week in Our Dental Health magazine, which is distributed among dentists and other health care workers throughout the country. “Most people don’t have good dental (16. _______) he says. When people aren’t careful about keeping their teeth clean, Dr. Hibbard warns, the result is (17. _______) gums, cavities, and even tooth loss. “Dentists should be firmer about (18. _______) their patients to maintain their dental health. Dentists need to do more education with their patients, and patients need to follow their dentists’ advice,” recommends Dr. Hibbard.
(D) to encourage
Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following advertisement and e-mail message.
You know how important it is to have the best equipment for your office. So why settle for less? Evidence shows that outdated, under-functioning equipment can reduce a dentist’s efficiency by 50 percent or more. The Acme Dental Supply Company offers state-of-the-art dental equipment at affordable rates.
– Our special lighted dental mirrors illuminate all tooth surfaces better than any other light on the market. These mirrors are on sale this week at just $150 per set of three. That’s 25 percent off the usual price.
– Our automated patient chairs automatically adjust their positions so that you can always work comfortably, with- out back or shoulder strain. Available in several models and colors.
– Our Dental Office Systems Computer software streamlines record keeping so that you will never fall behind with your paperwork. Full version available at $500. Upgrade is $175.
– Our special edition Dental Office CD set provides hours of soothing music that will keep your patients relaxed. You can focus on your work without being distracted by patient anxiety. Choose from String Quartet, Contemporary Jazz, or Sounds of Nature. $35 per boxed set.
Subject: office equipment
attach: Acme Dental Supply
Take a look at the attached ad. I think we should order a few things. ĩ like the lighted mirrors and probably could use five or six sets, but maybe it’s better to spend no more than $300 on them for now, so I can see how well they work first. We probably need the upgrade for the record keeping software, too. It will help you stay caught up with the patient records. I think we could do without those CDs, though, don’t you? We do better with the radio. You might as well go ahead and order paper, envelopes, and anything else you need for the front office at the same time.
Barbara Hendricks, DDS
19. Who is Peter Daly?
(A) A dentist.
(B) A dental equipment salesman.
(C) A dental patient.
(D) A dentist’s office manager.
20. How many sets of mirrors does Dr. Hendricks want to order?
21. Which Acme product is sold to relax patients?
(A) Computer games.
(B) Automated chairs.
(C) special lights.
(D) CD sets.
22. The word illuminate in the first letter, second paragraph, line 1 is closest in meaning to
23. The word distracted in the first letter, fifth paragraph, line 3 closest in meaning to