Lesson 50: Pharmacy
Words to learn:
Study the following definitions and examples.
1. consult v., to seek advice or information of
a. The doctor consulted with a specialist before writing a new prescription.
b. May I consult with you about a drug interaction case I have?
2. control v., to exercise authoritative or dominating influence over
a. To control the cost of this medication, you may get the generic version.
b. Please take your medication every day to control your high blood pressure.
3. convenient adj., suited or favorable to one’s purpose; easy to reach
a. Is this a convenient location for you to pick up your prescription?
b. It is convenient to have a pharmacy right across the Street from my doctor’s office.
4. detect v., to discover or ascertain
a. My doctor put me through some simple tests to detect if I have asthma.
b. I have to keep track of my sleep patterns to detect how many times I get up in the night.
5. factor n., a contribution to an accomplishment, a result, or a process
a. Taking medications as directed is an important factor in getting well.
b. Could my car be a factor contributing to my asthma?
6. interaction n., a mutual activity
a. My pharmacist was concerned about the interaction of the two medications I was prescribed.
b. The interaction be1ween the patient and the doctor showed a high level of trust.
7. limit n., the point beyond which something cannot proceed
a. My prescription has a limit of three refills,
b. My health plan authorization sets a limit on which health care providers I can see without their permission.
8. monitor v., to keep track of
a. The nurse practitioner carefully monitors the number of medications her patients are taking.
b. The patient had weekly appointments so that the doctor could monitor her progress.
9. potential adj., capable of being but not yet in existence; possible
a. To avoid any potential side effects from the medication, be sure to tell your doctor all the drugs you are currently taking.
b. Given the potential delay in getting reimbursed by the health plan, why don’t we just fill one prescription today?
10. sample n., a portion, piece, or segment that is representative of a whole
a. The pharmacist gave Myra a few free samples of the allergy medication.
b. A sample of the population taking the new medicine was surveyed to determine whether it caused side effects.
11. sense n., a judgment; an intellectual interpretation
a. The doctor had a good sense about what the problem was but wanted to get a second opinion.
b. I got the sense it would be better to get my prescription filled right away.
12. volunteer v., to perform as a volunteer
a. My doctor volunteered to call the drugstore, so my medication would be waiting for me.
b. Since Tom was feeling so unwell, his son volunteered to pick up his prescription at the pharmacy for him.
WORDS IN CONTEXT
Read the following passage and write the words in the blanks below.
Yoko is having trouble with seasonal allergies this fall. After (1) _________with her doctor, they decide she should take medication on a regular basis to (2) _________her symptoms. Her doctor recommends the medication he thinks will work best and offers her a handful of (3) _________at no charge. For her long-term needs, Yoko will need to have a prescription tilled. Her doctor (4) _________to call the pharmacy Yoko uses to order a supply, which will (5) _________the time she spends waiting for the prescription to be filled.
Yoko is new in town and does not know which pharmacy she wants to use. She knows that there is a drugstore near her apartment and one near where she works, but does not remember the operating hours for either. Yoko knows that (6) _________hours and location are important (7) _________in selecting a pharmacy. Although she can fill different prescriptions at different drugstores. It makes more (8) _________to Yoko to fill all of her medications at one location.
Occasionally, some drugs will have harmful (9) _________. Usually, your doctor will prevent a drug interaction problem before it starts. But, if you see more than one doctor, it is hard to (10) _________the various medications you are taking. Having all your prescriptions filled at one location increases the chances that the pharmacist will detect a (11) _________drug interaction problem. This timely (12) _________can save your life.
|verb||consult||Beatrice consulted her pharmacist about the number of different medications she is taking.|
|noun||consultation||Let me arrange a consultation with a specialist to discuss your heart problem and some possible medications.|
|adjective||consultative||This is a consultative process and you probably won’t have a definitive answer immediately.|
|noun||convenience||The convenience of a 24-hour neighborhood pharmacy is not to be underestimated.|
|adjective||convenient||Many people shop there because of its convenient location.|
|adverb||conveniently||The pharmacy is conveniently located on my way home from work.|
|verb||detect||The laboratory test detected the presence of medication in his blood.|
|noun||detection||Early detection of diseases usually means that medications can be more effective.|
|adjective||detectable||After he took his medication faithfully tor a few months and exercised more, Jack’s disease was no longer detectable.|
|verb||limit||My health insurance company has severely limited the amount of money it will pay out for prescription medicine.|
|noun||limit||Even though that headache medicine does not require a prescription, there is a limit to how many times a day you should take it.|
|adjective||limited||The new drugstore on the corner really isn’t convenient because of its limited hours of operation.|
|noun||potential||Be careful when taking this medication because it has the potential to make you feel sleepy.|
|adjective||potential||Margaret decided not to take the medicine the doctor had prescribed because of its potential side effects.|
|adverb||potentially||Many medications are potentially dangerous so it is important to take them exactly as prescribed by the doctor.|
|verb||volunteer||The pharmacist volunteers his services monthly at the free clinic for homeless people.|
|noun||volunteer||Volunteers bring tilled prescriptions from the pharmacy to the homes of shut-ins.|
|adjective||voluntary||Your compliance with this new policy is completely voluntary, but we think it is in the public interest that you do so.|
Part 5 Incomplete Sentences
Choose the word that best completes the sentence.
10. Would you please schedule the patient for a medical ________tomorrow afternoon?
11. Your prescription will be ready in an hour, if that’s ________ for you.
12. The procedure _________a slight problem, but the doctor assured us not to be alarmed.
13. My doctor has decided to _________the amount of medication I am taking.
14. Inform the pharmacist of any other medications you are taking to avoid any __________drug interactions.
15. We desperately need __________ to help at the free clinic next month.
Part 6 Text Completion
The neighborhood pharmacy that you can rely on!
Cloverdale is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Unlike other pharmacies with limited schedules, we’re open all the time. You can rely on us in an emergency at any time of day. And, our schedule makes it (16. ________) for busy working people to till prescriptions after work or on weekends.
You’re always sate with us! When you till a prescription at Cloverdale, we keep a careful record. This way, we can easily (17. ________) the medications you are taking and inform you of any potentially harmful interactions.
Do you need help selecting over-the-counter medications? Our pharmacists are available to (18. ________) with you and help you choose the medications that suit your needs.
Cloverdale Pharmacy. We’re here to serve you.
(A) are monitored
(B) be monitored
(C) to monitor
Part 7 Reading Comprehension
Questions 19-23 refer to the following article.
Many people don’t realize that their pharmacist is an important member of their health care team. If you always fill you prescriptions at the same pharmacy, then you will have a pharmacist who is familiar with your medical issues and can detect any possible problems with your medications. In fact, it is a good idea to volunteer information about medications you are already taking when you visit a new pharmacist. Then, she can add this information to your records and have a complete file of information. She can monitor the drugs you are taking and let you know of any potential interactions or harmful side effects.
If cost is an issue for you, your pharmacist can help. Ask her if there are any less expensive brands of your medication available. Or, you can request that she fill only half the prescription, to give you a chance to try out the medication before paying for the entire amount. You can also ask your doctor for a few free samples. Once you have ascertained that the prescribed medication is working for you, you can go ahead and ask your pharmacist to fill the prescription for you, when you pick up your prescription, don’t forget to ask the pharmacist to explain to you how to take it if you have any doubts. She can also supply you with written instructions.
Your pharmacist can provide you with important support, but there is a limit to what she can do. If you suspect that you have a problem that requires medical attention, you should always consult your doctor right away.
19. What is the purpose of this article?
(A) To explain the role of a pharmacist.
(B) To help select medications.
(C) To give instructions on taking medications.
(D) To advertise a particular pharmacy.
20. What can you ask your pharmacist to do?
(A) Recommend a good doctor.
(B) Suggest different brands.
(C) Write a prescription.
(D) Give you medical attention.
21. What should you ask for when you pick up your prescription?
(A) A cheaper brand.
(B) Some free samples.
(D) A discount.
22. The word detect in line 4 is closest in meaning to
23. The word potential in line 8 is closest in meaning to