The coordinate conjunctions (and, or, but, so) show the relationships between ideas – in some cases, however, you want to show the relationship between more ideas. In those situations, use a different set of words – they are called the “co-relative” conjunctions. Think of the co-relative conjunctions as sets of connectors. These sets must always be used together.
There are four such sets in English:
|not only …||but also …|
Note: One of the most common mistakes in English, even for native speakers, is to not use parallelism with the paired conjunction not only but also.
For example, many people would say:
Leonardo da Vinci not only studied in Rome, but also in Florence.
I not only like French food, but also Thai food.
Both of these sentences are wrong. The correct way to write is:
Leonardo da Vinci studied not only in Rome but also in Florence,
I like not only French food but also Thai food.
Combine these sentences using co-relative conjunctions, and remove any repetition. Use two structures where possible.
eg. Leonardo da Vinci studied design. He also studied architecture.
–> Leonardo da Vinci studied both design and architecture.
–> Leonardo da Vinci studied not only design but also architecture
- Leonardo da Vinci was the first to paint sfumato. He was also the first to paint texture.
- Leonardo painted churches. He also painted private homes.
- Leonardo taught himself anatomy. He taught himself painting.
- Some people think of Leonardo as an engineer. Some people think of Leonardo as a painter.
- People from Vinci say that Leonardo was bom there. People from Anchiano say Leonardo was bom there
- Leonardo was not Baptist. He was not Lutheran.
- Leonardo enjoyed painting people. He enjoyed painting still-life.