What are Conjunctions? Them are linking words such as and, or, but. Conjunctions are used to connect words or sentences.
a cat and its kittens,
a builder and his tools,
a doctor and a nurse,
slow but steady,
sweet or sour?,
a male or a female?,
A horse, a zebra or a donkey?
Paul has a dog, a parrot and a cat.
- A conjunction may link two or more than two words or sentences.
The words before, after, as, when, while, until, since, are also conjunctions. They tell when something happens, so they are called conjunctions of time.
Look both ways before you cross the street.
Joe listened to music while he was doing his homework.
Miss Lee was smiling as she walked into the class.
Wait here until I come back.
Don’t leave until you’ve finished your work.
Tran saw an accident while he was walking home.
Take all your belongings with you when you leave the plane.
Joe first met his wife when he was studying in London.
Tom and Joe have been friends since childhood.
Complete these sentences with and, but or or.
1 I asked for some bread ________ butter.
2 Mr. ________ Mrs. Chen have three children.
3 Maggie is a good singer ________ a poor dancer.
4 We wish you a Merry Christmas ________ a Happy New Year.
5 Is their new baby a boy ________ a girl?
6 The dictionary has 1000 words ________ 200 drawings.
7 Sue is taller than Nat ________ shorter than Mike.
8 Are you going by train ________ by bus?
Choose the correct conjunctions of time from the box to complete these sentences.
when while as before after since until
1 Jack always brushes his teeth ________ he has eaten a meal.
2 It started to rain ________ the children were playing in the garden.
3 Let’s go home ________ it gets dark.
4 Give this letter to Anne ________ you see her.
5 She has known Jack ________ he was a child.
6 The party began at 8:00 P.M. and lasted ________ midnight.
7 Alice looked unhappy ________ she walked in.